Saturday, May 31, 2008

Giving Document level permission in a library

If you want to give separate permission to a folder inside a document library then do the following:
Go to the site settings --> advance settings.
Create a new Permission level and choose permissions which are not available previously with other permission levels.
After doing it go to the folder and choose 'Manage Permissions'.
Add the users you want to give access to . Edit Permissions of the selected users. Select the permission level just created.
Remove all the other users whom you do not want to give access to the folder.

How to restore site using content db only

To restore a site on the same or different machine using the content db backup follow the steps given below:

  1. Create a new Web application on the destination server.
  2. Go to central admin --> content database . Click on the new web app content db.
  3. Remove the content db.
  4. Go to SQL server mgmt studio and create a new db with the same name as the content db backup you are having.
  5. After creation right click restore. Choose the backup file location. From the options tab choose 'overwrite'.
  6. Restore this db backup.
  7. Go to central admin --> content database again and select ' add a content db ' to the web application.
  8. specify the name of the restored db.
  9. Done

How to transfer site content DB from C drive to Other drive

Many a times we face an issue that c drive is out of space especially b'coz our site content db is on c drive and we continue to add large size documents and media files etc. In order to get rid of this we can transfer the db to some other drive say d drive with more space. Here is how you can do it:

Go to SQL server management studio and right click on the content db.
As chances are that this db is currently in use hence first take it offline.
It will take some time to take it offline. Once done right click detach the db.
Now go to the location on the c drive program files sql server folder and find the db files. Cut the files from there and paste in a new folder on d drive.
Again go to mgmt studio and attach the db from the new location.

How to find the Internal name of a field of a list?

Many times while coding (especially in event handlers) we need the internal names of the fields of the list. A simple way to find out the internal names is given below:

Go to list settings and then click on the column (field) name from the page.
It will navigate to the column details page with the information like the data type name etc.
To find out the internal name go to the address bar and press 'End' which will take you to the end of the address url.
the last word is the internal name of the field.

Friday, May 30, 2008

How to use custom redirection page in SharePoint for custom navigation?

The requirement:
Create a page in SharePoint which will redirect you to specific location based on inputs.

All we need to reach at our custom page
For that you can use many ways like...
From Hyper link from quick launch.
From Edit Control Block.
From FormToolbar in List Add/Edit/Display mode and all that.
Click here to know how to do that.

What we need to do is that create a new ASPX page which will execute our custom code.

How to create a new aspx page in SharePoint with feature?
Here is a sample:
I will name this feature as “CustomRedirection”.
Here is the content of elements.xml

<Elements xmlns="">
<Module Name=" CustomRedirection" Path="" Url="">
<File Url=" CustomRedirection.aspx" Type="Ghostable" IgnoreIfAlreadyExists="FALSE" />

The Module element works same as Module element in Onet.xml.
This element useful for using files like webpart or custom page.
So this feature includes our CustomRedirection.aspx as part of site page.
Over here we are putting “Ghostable” page (physical aspx) with these feature.

how aspx looks like?
Here is the content of CustomRedirection .aspx page

<%@ Assembly Name="Microsoft.SharePoint, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=71e9bce111e9429c" %>
<%@ Assembly Name=" MyCustomCode, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3f3cc8bff1d91557" %>
<%@ Page Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~masterurl\default.master"
Inherits=" MyCustomCode. CustomRedirection "
EnableViewState="true" EnableSessionState="True" EnableViewStateMac="false" %>

<asp:Content ID="PageTitleInTitleArea" runat="server" contentplaceholderid="PlaceHolderMain" >

You can find it out that in this page what we had done is that adding Microsoft.SharePoint assembly and our custom assembly, which contain code we want to executes) then one asp:content with id “ PageTitleInTitleArea” and contentplaceholderid as “PlaceHolderMain”. This content is used by master page.

Now question is
how our custom code executes when this page accessed?
You can see page derivatives in that we are specifying MasterPageFile and we are inheriting our own class (Inherits=" MyCustomCode. CustomRedirection"). So when this page called our custom code in class CustomRedirection.cs will call.
Note: Put your custom assembly as safe control in web.config.

And once we have our execution in code, we are the king.
We can do anything we want. like…
Fetch URL and check which Item from which list is clicked, redirect to its related page like sub site, related list, look up list, do some operation like creating sub site, creating multiple records anything according to your business requirement and then redirect back to same page or anywhere you want.
Here is a part snippet from my CustomRedirection.aspx

if (Request.QueryString["FROM"] == "ECB")
// find List id and Item id from URL
// use that data find item from list
// do manipulation according business logic

SPUtility.Redirect(strWebURL, SPRedirectFlags.Default, httpContxt);

1) Create an aspx page from feature and embed in the site.
2) Use page to place content.
3) Use page as middle way for seamless navigation.
Source page -> customeredirection page -> destination page.
4) Use page as a place where you can execute your code and comes back at your place again or you can go ahead.
5) Any many more way that may be I had not discovered yet.

We are using this feature mostly in custom navigation where we know source but don’t know the destination but we need to find destination with custom business logic and then redirect it.

SharePoint 2007 Maximum Limitations

Hi All,

Following is a list of names and other parameters with the maximum allowable size on each.

Entity          Max Permissible Size
Site Name           128 characters
Site URL            255 characters
Display name           128 characters
Connection string           384 characters
Email address           128 characters
Version numbers           064 characters
Virtual Server Friendly Name           064 characters
SQL Database Name           123 characters
SQL Database Column           128 characters
SQL Database Table Name           128 characters
SQL Role Name           128 characters
Server Name           128 characters
Windows User Name           300 characters
Windows Password           300 characters
Dependencies per object           032 objects
Zone enumeration value            004 zones
Default SQL command timeout            300 seconds
Number of simultaneous          
workflows that can be run*           015

It looks like the 15 limit Harsh mentions might actually be the WorkflowEventDeliveryThrottle, which is 15 by default. This throttle can be modified (see below) - try setting it to a very low number, and you should see that workflow activation slows dramatically.

SPWebService spWebService = SPFarm.Local.Services.GetValue<SPWebService>();
spWebService.WorkflowEventDeliveryThrottle = 20; // default is 15

For more information: Click Here

Common Coding practice when using SharePoint Object Model

Hi All,

There is a very good article on common coding practice when using SharePoint Object Model

It takes care of how we can use SPSite and SPWeb objects. How and when to dispose them. also shows how concurrency issues can be taken care and what happens if not taken care. It also mentions about memory load depending on users logged in and hitting the code at the same time.

May other things regarding using cache and also several points from which you come to know that proper disposing of objects are not being done in coding.

a very nice article to go through.

Go through article

Thank you

Using SPUtility class methods

Hi All,

Many times I wonder about SPUtility class, it’s having really very handy and useful methods to explore.

Here I would like to share certain methods that I come across which can really reduce your work of coding a lot. Because not knowing these methods can cause you lot of work. So better to know them at very first glance.


This will return you C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\TEMPLATE\FEATURES

Think what all things that you have done to make this kind of thing happen( Place tag in web.config, make constant or some stuff like this).

string fullName;
string returnvalue = SPUtility.GetAccountName(fullName);

This will return AccountName as string.

Then here is one more interesting method:

public static void GetFullNameandEmailfromLogin (
SPWeb web,
string login,
out string displayName,
out string email

which will return you Name in displayname paramter as you can see its mentioned as out and from login it will return email as out paramter.

Other Method is GetFullNameFromLogin which returns fullname from login name.

string returnValue = SPUtility.GetFullNameFromLogin(site, loginName)

Other method is GetLoginNameFromEmail which takes email and outputs login name
string returnvalue = SPUtility.GetLoginNameFromEmail(site, email)

But its an obsolete method. so you can use this new method :
SPUtility.GuessLoginNameFromEmail with same parameters and same output.

but i wonder rest of methods start with Get, why this methd starts with Guess?????????? Is it developer's Mistake?? Or else i really wanted to know logic behind this. Let me know if anyone come across to this.

String input;
String folderUrl;
String returnValue;

returnValue = SPUtility.ConvertHtmlLinkToWikiLink(input, folderUrl)

Same way we have :

returnValue = SPUtility.ConvertWikiLinkToHtmlLink(input, folderUrl)

Are some of the handy methods to try with.

Thank you

How to use SPUtility.TransferToErrorPage and SPUtility.TransferToSuccessPage?

Hi All,

I would like to sharean interesting think about SPUtility.TransferToErrorPage and SPUtility.TransferToSuccessPage.

Let’s take an example. Let us assume that we are working on webpart or any workflow aspx page and we want to navigate to Success Page of sharepoint Or Error Page of sharepoint.

Now if you use following:

SPUtility.TransferToErrorPage("Hi this is an Error Page", "this is link", "{your_url}");

All you can see is this :

Click on the image to view in large scale.

Here observe that "Hi this is an Error Page" is the only option that set there, there is nothing related to the "this is link" and "your_url"

I wonder why, so i went down to MSDN to find out this :

Click Here

But :( didnt find anything helpful as there is no help given. Only thing given is paramters information.

So i digged in that and thought of a String.Format option just like we replaced {0},{1} with paramters passed (Remember Good old console application days !!!)

So i changed the code to :

SPUtility.TransferToErrorPage("Hi this is an Error Page {0}, {1}", "click here to Go to Top site", "{your_url}");

And it Worked. Here is a snapshot which depicts this :

That's it. Your job is done.

But i wonder how SPUtility.TransferToSuccessPage works. It workes fine for its own sake. It will redirect to Following Page :

But here i find hole.

Even if you use simple single overloaded mthod,
SPUtility.TransferToSuccessPage("Hi this is an Sucess Page");

Then also the above results come.

and second overloaded method :

SPUtility.TransferToSuccessPage("Hi this is an Sucess Page {0},{1}", "{url}", "This is Link","{url}");

SPUtility.TransferToSuccessPage("Hi this is an Sucess Page {0},{1},{2}", "{url}", "This is Link","{url}");

don't work fine except it navigates to same above figure , but not having any meaning of other paramters.

If you do come accorss, let me know also.

Sending mail using SPUtility.SendEmail method

Hi All,

There are many ways to send an email from code. One of the way is to use SPUtility class.

Here is a brief introduction of this method:

The SPUtility.SendEmail method enables you to send an email from the context of a SharePoint Web (SPWeb) object. The SMTP settings associated with the SPWeb object are used to send the email. The method returns a boolean value that represents whether the email was sent successfully.

There are four overloaded methods that support different parameter lists. Two of the overloaded methods support StringDictionary objects that are used to specify the message headers (such as the To, Cc, and Subject fields), while the other two overloaded methods enable you to pass the To and Subject fields as simple String objects.

Usage Scenario
You can use the SPUtility.SendEmail method to send emails for a variety of different scenarios, such as building a Web-based form to enable a user to send an email from a SharePoint application without requiring them to start their email client application, or incorporating email notifications as part of a business process or workflow in a SharePoint site.

The following code samples show how to use the SPUtility.SendEmail method.

SPWeb thisWeb = SPControl.GetContextWeb(Context);
if (SPUtility.IsEmailServerSet(thisWeb ))
string toField = "";
string subject = "Test Message";
string body = "Message sent from SharePoint";
bool success = SPUtility.SendEmail(thisWeb,true, true, toField, subject, body);
catch (Exception ex)
// handle exception

That's it. Your job is done.

But I think the good option is to use one more method before using SendMail is that check if the mail server is properly configuerd for Web Application or not. this can be done by usign SPUtility.IsEmailServerSet method which returns true if server is configuerd with SMTP mail settings.

For making Due diligence, i removed Outbound SMTP Server from Outgoing e-mail settings in Operations from central administration and come to know that it just works fine.

If you dont have that configuerd the condition will be false and mail will not be sent.

For more reference : Click Here

Thank you


Hi All,

I would like to bring a point on table about CDADA and PCDATA sections in XML Document.

PCDATA - Parsed Character Data

XML parsers normally parse all the text in an XML document.
When an XML element is parsed, the text between the XML tags is also parsed:
<message>This text is also parsed</message>
The parser does this because XML elements can contain other elements, as in this example, where the <name> element contains two other elements (first and last):

Parsed Character Data (PCDATA) is a term used about text data that will be parsed by the XML parser.

CDATA - (Unparsed) Character Data

The term CDATA is used about text data that should not be parsed by the XML parser.

Characters like "<" and "&" are illegal in XML elements.

"<" will generate an error because the parser interprets it as the start of a new element.

"&" will generate an error because the parser interprets it as the start of an character entity.

Some text, like JavaScript code, contains a lot of "<" or "&" characters. To avoid errors script code can be defined as CDATA.

Everything inside a CDATA section is ignored by the parser.

A CDATA section starts with "<![CDATA[" and ends with "]]>":

function GreaterThan(a)
if (a > 50) then
return 1;
return 0;

In the example above, everything inside the CDATA section is ignored by the parser.

Notes on CDATA sections:

A CDATA section cannot contain the string "]]>". Nested CDATA sections are not allowed.

The "]]>" that marks the end of the CDATA section cannot contain spaces or line breaks.

Lets have a simple scenario why we need this or where this can be useful.
Lets say you are developing a page or control for a list and you have some handy static logic that you want to fix in that.
Lets take an simple example saying that the value you pass in textbox can not greater than 50.
So what we can do is that use CDATA secion in XML with any tag. All you need to do is write you entire javascript in XML tag in CDATA secion. Fetch that node in Code using XMLDocument or any other XML class method.
and use Server side registration for client script. here your script will be coming from XML, so whenever you want to change the script, all you have to do is just change the XML and you are done with that.
I hope that sounds good and you got a good idea about how to use CDATA secion and use it for futire use.

Lets say you are developing a page or control for a list and you have some handy static logic that you want to fix in that.

Lets take an simple example saying that the value you pass in textbox can not greater than 50.

So what we can do is that use CDATA secion in XML with any tag. All you need to do is write you entire javascript in XML tag in CDATA secion. Fetch that node in Code using XMLDocument or any other XML class method.

and use Server side registration for client script. here your script will be coming from XML, so whenever you want to change the script, all you have to do is just change the XML and you are done with that.

I hope that sounds good and you got a good idea about how to use CDATA secion and use it for futire use.

Click here to refer more about XML

Thursday, May 29, 2008

How to write a code that uses other web application?

Hi All,

Sometimes we may require to access some other web application in our code. But there must be several check to be done before writing this code.

The account in which application pool is configuerd for current web application must have database permission for other database of second web application's application pool.

Once you make sure this, then you can start working with cross-web application code access.

Thank you

Removing workflow instance from List Item

Hi All,

May times we want to terminate the workflow from list Item.

Here is a way you can accomplish this :

Let's say you are working with the workflow and workflow is attached with the list. So change in the list item triggers the workflow, then the following code will remove the workflow instance on that Item.


That's it. Your job is done.

Thank you

SharePoint Spin Wheel “Operation in Progress”

Using Custom programming within SharePoint always takes time to execute and create a issue with impatient client. Client always think that we have not done a good job with coding so it will take a long time. Some time if some long operation is going on like creation of site or something like that then 3rd person thinks like process is hang up.
So what we need to do is that do some indication screen like “In progress”.

And the exciting news is SharePoint is providing built in function for “Operation in Progress” spinning wheel and object is called as “SPLongOperation”.

You can use this object in various places like creating a custom SharePoint site, setting up properties, creating a Project in Different server, calling a web services, updating/adding multiple items in SharePoint…. Etc.

Check the following snippet which is used in webpart.

void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
SPLongOperation longoperation = new SPLongOperation(this.Page)

longoperation.LeadingHTML = "Leading HTML shows here";
longoperation.TrailingHTML = "Trailing HTML will be displayed here";

// Code which will take time…


How it works?

SPLongOperation has LeadingHTML properties which Shows message in Bold and TrailingHTML property shoes second a little large message.
Begin () method starts spinning wheel at a time on the same page.
You can find in debug mode that after execution of that line wheel appear on the screen.
All the code execute under wheel until you call End() function.
The End() method will take URL as parameter and will redirect to your desired page.

Special thanks to Brian Caauwe for his post which guide me to solve my headache.

U2U Lovers - Good news!!!

Hi All,

I come to know that now famous U2U CAML Query builder tool has launched a web version of it and surprise --- it can be installed as a feature!!!!

Please check this out :

DownLoad U2UCAMLQuery builder

About How to install this: Click Here

Thank you

Adding site column to the list at any site level

Hi All,

May times we require to add columns defined at root web level to any site at child level.

Here is a simple way to accomplish this :

Make one function like this :

private void AddSiteColumnToList(string sitePath, string listName, string columnName)
using (SPSite site = new SPSite(sitePath))
using (SPWeb web = site.OpenWeb())
using (SPWeb root = site.RootWeb)
//Take the site column from the root web
SPField fld = root.Fields[columnName];

//get the list from the site
SPList list = web.Lists[listName];

//add the column

//update the list

That's it. Your job is done.

Thank you

Changing name of column in List or document library issue

Hi All,

There are certain things that really takes our attention. One of them is following:

1) you can change the name of Title column in list but internal name will remain Title itself. So even you chanaged name of Title to lets say Name, then also Name column will be refered as Title only.

2) The same is also true for other fields, lets say i have added one more field named "Address", then once you add the field in the list of document library and if you change the name to Address1, then also field Name will remain Address itself rarger than Address1.

This is something to keep in mind while developing.

Thank you

Wednesday, May 28, 2008

How to Modify the web.config file in SharePoint using SPWebConfigModification?

Hi All,

there is one very interesting class that can be used to modify web application's web.config class.

SPWebConfigModification is the class that can be used to accomplish this kind of work.

The SPWebApplication class has a SPWebConfigModifications collection property that contains all the modifications (SPWebConfigModification objects) made to this web application's web.config file. This is also where we can add new modifications and have them applied to the web.config – or remove them.

Here is a small example which demonstrate you the functionality.

Here is a sample of what the web.config..

<customErrors mode="On">

Here is a sample example which does this task of changing the attribute to a value of "Off".

private void SimpleSample()
// Get an instance of my local web application
SPWebApplication webApp = new SPSite("http://localhost").WebApplication;

// Create my new modification to set the mode attibute to "Off".
// Example:
SPWebConfigModification modification = new SPWebConfigModification("mode", "system.web/customErrors");
modification.Owner = "SimpleSampleUniqueOwnerValue";
modification.Sequence = 0;
modification.Type = PWebConfigModification.SPWebConfigModificationType.EnsureAttribute;
modification.Value = "Off";

// Add my new web.config modification.

// Save web.config changes.

// Serialize the web application state and propagate changes across the farm.

That's it. Your job is done.

This is seriously something which is very interesting. As i will find some more methods and more details, i will sure put my knowledge regarding this.

How to set custom master page as default master page with site definition in Moss and WSS 3.0?

Changing a default master page for our custom need is not at all good idea and creating a custom master page and use it as default master page is a headache.

Here is the way to create and use your custom master page with site definition.

Go to “C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\TEMPLATE\GLOBAL” where you can find default master page (default.master).

Copy that default.master and pest it with customdefault.master or your own custom name.
(Note: while copying default.master please take care that you must not have already modified It. Use a fresh copy)

Put your custom master page at same location as default.master.

Now go to “12\TEMPLATE\GLOBAL\XML” open “ONET.xml”

At the last you will find module tag which provision “default.master” same way add your entry for custom.master.

<Module Name="DefaultMasterPage" List="116" Url="_catalogs/masterpage" RootWebOnly="FALSE">
<File Url=" customdefault.master" Type="GhostableInLibrary" IgnoreIfAlreadyExists="TRUE" />
<File Url="default.master" Type="GhostableInLibrary" IgnoreIfAlreadyExists="TRUE" />

This code will automatically put your custom masterpage into the masterpage gallery when a new site is created.

Now open your onet.xml file from 12/template/SiteTemplates
Change the default masterpage to the new one.
Find <Configuration> tag
Add MasterUrl attribute like MasterUrl=”_catalogs/masterpage/customdefault.master” and if you already have this tag change it with your custom master page.

So it will look like

<Configuration ID="0" Name="YOUR NAME" MasterUrl="_catalogs/masterpage/customdefault.master">

Now the new site created with this definition have this master page as default master page. Click here for more info.

What about already existing site?

For that you need to put master page manually and change master page url for each wab
Here is the code snippet (only for setting master page url of the web):
Note: use this snippet carefully. If you run this snippet and you do not have Master page in Master page gallery for that web you will get master or page not found error.

SPSite spsite = new SPSite("Your site name");
foreach (SPWeb Myweb in spsite.AllWebs)
string masterurl = Myweb.ServerRelativeUrl;
if (!masterurl.EndsWith(@"/"))
masterurl = masterurl + @"/";
Myweb.MasterUrl = masterurl + "_catalogs/masterpage/customdefault.master";

This kind of snippet you will find in Inside WSS 3.0 book

Extended properties in Tasks and Workflow History List

Hi All,

When you add any column to the Tasks list and also to the Workflow history list, that time you can add values in that column with the help of extendedproperties not with the properties.

Basically what happens is when you add column, you should be able to access values and assign values as Properties. But here you have to use extendedproperties collection.

In bottom line, what happens is if any of the key name does not match with existing column, it gets written in SPListItem.Properties according to this article .

But what i have noticed is that SPWorkflowTaskProperties.ExtendedProperties does not corelate with SPWorkflowTaskProperties.Properties because if you are adding field then you should be able to access it with SPWorkflowTaskProperties.Properties, but that is not the case, you have to use ExtendedProperties.

I am not sure about this being bug or not. But this was the case happened with me. So i thought this is something to share with all.

Thank you

How to know if user is a member of specific group?

Hi All,

Sometimes we may require to know if current logged-in user is a member of any specific group or not?

Here is a simple way to accomplish this. But just make sure that user under which the code is running is having sufficient rights to access the groups in web.

Becuase make sure that the code that runs under ElevatedPrivileges will be running under system account and you will never be able to take the current user in that code.

if ( web.Groups["Group_Name"].ContainsCurrentUser )
// code implementation

This condition simple checks if the user is in specific group or not.

That's it. Your job is done.

Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Calling MOSS web services through code

Hi All,

There are many way to code. One way is to use Sharepoint object model, Other way is to use web services to communicate with server and code it.

Here is a way how we can use web services to accomplish our tasks.

Before we start looking in this, let me give you highlights of where these web services are located and later we will see that how these can be used.

All Web services are inside "_vti_bin"

WSS Web Services Web Reference

Administration Service       http:///_vti_adm/admin.asmx
Alerts Service       http:///_vti_bin/alerts.asmx
Document Workspace Service       http:///_vti_bin/dws.asmx
Forms Service       http:///_vti_bin/forms.asmx
Imaging Service       http:///_vti_bin/imaging.asmx
List Data Retrieval Service       http:// /_vti_bin/dspsts.asmx
Lists Service       http:///_ vti_bin/lists.asmx
Meetings Service       http:/// _vti_bin/meetings.asmx
Permissions Service       http:// /_vti_bin/permissions.asmx
Site Data Service       http:///_vti_bin/sitedata.asmx
Site Service       http:///_vti_bin/sites.asmx
Users and Groups Service       http:///_vti_bin/usergroup.asmx
Versions Service       http:///_vti_bin/versions.asmx
Views Service       http:///_vti_bin/views.asmx
Web Part Pages Service       http:// /_vti_bin/webpartpages.asmx
Webs Service       http:///_vti_bin/webs.asmx

The SharePoint web services only accept calls from existing SharePoint users and do also enforce access security. Import the System.Net namespace into your project and then use the NetworkCredential class to set the user credential to use for the web service call. Here is a code snippet:

public static XmlNode VersionsGetVersions(string SharePointHost, string UserName, string Password, string Domain, string FileName)
// proxy object to call the Versions web service
Versions.Versions VersionsService = new Versions.Versions();
// the user credentials to use
VersionsService.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(UserName, Password, Domain);
VersionsService.Url = SharePointHost + "_vti_bin/Versions.asmx";
// gets the file versions
XmlNode Result = VersionsService.GetVersions(FileName);
// dispose the web service object
return Result;

If the user does not exist in SharePoint or does not have the permission to perform the operation then a WebException is thrown by SharePoint. The returned HTTP status is 401, which means unauthorized request

That's it. your job is done.

Writing and debugging event handlers for Project Server 2007

Hi All,

There are many scenarios where we are required to write an event handlers for Project Server.

Here is a good link for that. Click Here

Building escalation workflow in Visual Studio

Hi All,

There is a good link for demontrating how to create escalation workflow in visual studio 2005 with video streaming.

check this out : Click Here

MOSS capabilities with different browsers

Hi All,

Ever wonder about MOSS capabilities with different browsers?

Well then, check this out : Click Here

How to Disable the Default Out-of-Box site definitions in SharePoint 2007?

Hi All,

May times we are required to create a site from site templates.

But there are certain scenarios where you do not want creators to create any site that are based on default site definitions. You forcefully make user create site from your own site definition.

Here is a way how you can remove built-in site definitions.

But before doing this make sure that you take backup of the following files that you are going to change or remove.

We will work with this path:

C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\web server extensions\12\TEMPLATE\1033\XML\

WEBTEMP.XML - This will remove Collaboration and Meeting sites and tabs
WEBTEMPSPS.XML - This will remove templates for the Publishing Tab
WEBTEMPSRCH.XML - This will remove Search Templates
WEBTEMPOFFILE.XML - This will remove Records Center
WEBTEMPBDR.en-us.XML - This will remove Document Center

Change 'Hidden = False' with 'Hidden = True' for the definition you would like to hide.

Site creators are now forced to create new sites based on one of the template that you have customized for them

Deploying MOSS 2007 to Windows Server 2008

Hi All,

For those of you who are interested in deploying MOSS 2007 to Windows Server 2008 remember that a Windows Server 2008 deployment requires SP1. Unfortunately this means that you have to create a slip stream deployment yourself since one has not yet been released. I came across a nice little blog entry by Ben Curry that provides instructions for doing so and I thought I would pass it along.

For more information : Click Here

How to get to the WebPart Maintenance Page?

If you want a quick and easy way to get to the WebPart Maintenance Page simple append the following to the URL for any page: "?content=1". So for instance if you are at the default page your URL will look like this: If you need to open the WebPart Maintenance page at this location you would add the above to the end of the URL as follows: This will open the WebPart Maintenance page for this location.

For more information : Click Here

How to get logged in User in Web Part?

Hi All,

May times we need to know the name of the user who is logged in currently in your site in web part code.

Here is a simple way you can accomplish this :

WindowsPrincipal p = Thread.CurrentPrincipal as WindowsPrincipal;
string strLoggedInUser = p.Identity.Name;

Use WindowPrincipal class to get the Name. This will return you Domain_Name/UserName combination.

How to create and add view dynamically though code in a list?

Hi All,

May times we need to create view dynamically and then add that created view to the List.

Here is a simple way to accomplish this task.

First make a StringCollection object.

System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection viewFields = new System.Collections.Specialized.StringCollection();

then add Fields from list in the StringCollection object.

For example you want to create a new view with this 4 fields from list then,


String strQuery = "{Your CAML Query}";

This Query is for fetching all records where Title column is not blank. you can customize this query accordig to your requirement.

objTaskList.Views.Add("ViewName", viewFields, strQuery, 10000, false, true);

//to make just crteated view as default view

objTaskList.Views["ViewName"].DefaultView = true;

That's it. your job is done.

How to change default view of any list?

Hi All,

May times we need to make our own view and want to make that view as default view. So here we need to change AllItems View to your own created view.

Here is a simple way to do this.

SPWeb objWeb = {current_web};
SPList objTaskList = objWeb.Lists["Tasks"];
objWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = true;

objTaskList.Views["MyViewName"].DefaultView = true;

objWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = false;

That's it. Now you have your vreated view as default view.

Saturday, May 24, 2008

How to get List Data in DataTable form

If you want to fetch the data from a custom list in the form of DataTable then use the following code snippet:

SPSite site = new SPSite(SPContext.Current.Site.Url); // To get the current site
SPList list = site.OpenWeb().Lists["ListName"]; //Getting instance of the list

DataTable dtList = list.Items.GetDataTable(); // Get list data in datatable

How to Debug a code from SharePoint site?

Most of the times we face the problem while developing that how to debug the code written to create a web part or event handler. Here is the solution for it:

  1. Refresh your site once and then in Visual Studio Press ALT + D + P
  2. Make sure that the debugging mode is 'Managed Code' and not the native which is default value.
  3. You will see there will be a process by the name w3wp.exe . Select it and press attach.
  4. Now raise the event through the sharepoint site.

Friday, May 23, 2008

How to edit list forms like NewForm.aspx, EditForm.aspx and DispForm.aspx in MOSS?

Most common question among SharePoint customization is that
“Why Edit Page option is not available in list forms like NewForm.aspx, EditForm.aspx and DispForm.aspx?”

If we need to edit New/Edit/Display Form of list most of the time we are using SharePoint designer.

But here is the one nice trick to achieve this functionality.

Just add “&ToolPaneView=2” at the end of the URL and refresh the page.

So that you’re URL will be like this.
http://sharepointkings/... /Lists/Demo/NewForm.aspx?RootFolder...&Source=…&ToolPaneView=2

http://sharepointkings/... /Lists/Demo/EditForm.aspx?RootFolder...&Source=…&ToolPaneView=2

http://sharepointkings/... /Lists/Demo/DispForm.aspx?RootFolder...&Source=…&ToolPaneView=2

You can see add webpart tool pan beside this web part.

Just add or remove your webpart and your work is done.

Below contents are Update as on 22/07/08

There is one more parameter with the same name just pass the value 3 with that.

So that you’re URL will be like this.

http://sharepointkings/... /Lists/Demo/NewForm.aspx?RootFolder...&Source=…&ToolPaneView=3

And that will take you to this type of page.

This will allow you to search webpart across all available galleries

Cheers once again...

Thursday, May 22, 2008

How to get igoogle and Google Talk on a Sharepoint Page

To get Google Talk on a Sharepoint Page:

Google Talk can now be added to your blog as a gadget.

Drag a ContentEditorWebpart on your SharePoint Page.
Click on the "Source Editor" button in the Toop Pane on the right side.
Past the following HTML stuff in the Source Editor dialog box:

<iframe width="234" frameborder="0" src="" height="350"></iframe>

The Google Talk Gadget lets you send instant messages, transfer files, make voice calls (to other Google Talk users) and leave voicemail messages. If you paste a Picasa Web Album or YouTube URL into a chat session, the gadget gives you an instant preview of the photos and videos.

To get any page say igoogle on a Sharepoint Page:

Drag a ContentEditorWebpart on your SharePoint Page.
Click on the "Source Editor" button in the Toop Pane on the right side.
Past the following HTML stuff in the Source Editor dialog box:

<iframe width="1000" height="500" frameborder="0" src="" width="500" height="300"></iframe>

Below Image shows both implementations:

Try out the stuff here it self:

"Thoda Aur Wish Karo"

Wednesday, May 21, 2008

How to Implement Live Chat in Sharepoint

This feature of the Windows Live Messenger application enables you to actually add a web-based messenger to your site or blog.

Check out to create one for yourself.

I will explain in brief.

you will see a setting for "Show your Messenger Status on the Web"

The checkbox "Allow websites to see your Messenger status and send you messages"
will allow any one to message you from the gadget.

You can place the gadget on any web page by copying the html code.

To get the HTML code click here

At the bottom you will find these instructions.
"Copy the HTML and paste it into your webpage"

Open your sharepoint page in browser.
Drag and Place a ContentEditorWebPart there.
In it's Source Editor, Past the HTML Code that you have copied.

That's It. Dude now people can catch you and chat with you.
They from the Gadget and you from your MSN Messenger.

For Further Queries Begin a conversation with the "Kings" ;)
Chat Here

How to remove workflow from List Item

Hi All,

There is a way how we can remove workflow from List Item.

Sometimes we may require to remove workflow from list item. Even to terminate sometime we require to remove workflow. There are certain stage where we are not able to terminate the workflow, there other option is that we remove the workflow from item.

So here is the way we can accomplish this task:

Let us assume that we have workflow attached to a list level. And we trigger the workflow on every update of the Item.

And in our workflow somewhere we require to remove the current workflow if certain action is taken.

So, When you are working with workflow, then it is on Item level.

so writing following code will remove workflow from Item.


But also make sure that whereever you are referring workflow instance Id, you will lost that link, so take care of that also, because now as workflow is removed, you dont have the workflow instance id.

That's it. Your job is done.

Tuesday, May 20, 2008

How to hide a column of SharePoint list in different mode (Add / Edit / Display Mode)?

Most of the time we have requirement like that this field should be shown only in new mode or it should not be shown only in Edit mode not in new mode.

in simple word every one is asking the same question
"How to hide a column of SharePoint list in different mode (Add / Edit / Display Mode)?"

We can hide it in view by not to show in grid view but what to do if you do not want to see that field in Dispforms.aspx?

Here is the way how to do that.

Check the code snippet first

SPSite objSite = SPContext.Current.Site;
SPWeb objWeb = objSite.OpenWeb();
SPList objList = objWeb.Lists[“Name of the list”];
SPField objField = objList.Fields[“Name of the column”];

This SPField has following properties.

objField.ShowInDisplayForm //show in display mode(dispform.aspx)
objField.ShowInEditForm //show in edit mode(editform.aspx)
objField.ShowInListSettings //show in list setting page of list where u can set order or remove that field.
objField.ShowInNewForm //show in new form (newform.aspx)
objField.ShowInVersionHistory // displayed in the page for viewing list item versions. objField.ShowInViewForms //show in grid view

All the properties shows their setting meaning by their name.

Just set the properties you want and uodate field and list.


See the magic.

Another problem is after hiding column how to set its data?

In event handler / item handler you can use

properties.AfterProperties[“Internal name of that column”] = “assign text”;

You will get your result.
Only thing to keep in mind that
If column is hidden then u cannot retrieve its value.

Some time it will show error

“One or more field types are not installed properly. Go to the list settings page to delete these fields.”

If you get these error there is only two scenarios is there.
1) If you have any custom field then it was not properly installed.
2) If you have do not have the field with that name and you are assigning value to it.

Just do a due diligence and check this two scenarios and your error might be solved.

SharePoint Sites on the internet

SharePoint Sites on the internet.

There is always a question deep inside any novice in SharePoint development. The question “Any live SharePoint sites on the internet?”
Here are some samples, production sites out there that we can look at and learn from.

Follow the links and see what wonders SharePoint can do to your organization.
registration pages for

New! Ofgem - - built by Parity

Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust - - built by ContentAndCode

The Body Shop - - built by ContentAndCode

Fifteen - - built by ContentAndCode

LloydsTSB - - built by Conchango

Corgi - - built by ArtemisCorp

Ministry of Sound - - built by cScape

Do post if you get more.

A quick way to remove a Web Part which is crashing your Web page/web part page maintenance page

If you are building a web part and is crashing the webpage, here is a quick way to remove it and get the rest of the page working.
Add contents=1 at the end of the url.

For example, if the page url is http://sharepointkings/test1/default.aspx then change it to http://sharepointkings/test1/default.aspx?contents=1.

See the url in the below image:

This will bring up the web part page maintenance page and lists all the webparts that are used in that page and provides way to delete selected web parts , switch view or reset.
See the below image showing the web part page maintenance page.

How to add Content Type through Feature?

Hi all,
Here is the way how to create a Content type through feature.

1) Create a feature (I hope you know how to create a feature or go to this MSDN link.)
2) In element.xml add following xml tag

Name="Name of Content Type"
Description="Description of Content Type"
Group="Your Own Group"
<DocumentTemplate TargetName="your template.doc" />
<Module Name="Name of Content Type"
SetupPath="Features\Feature_ContentTypes" Path=""
Url="_cts/Name of Content Type">
<File Url="your template.doc" />

3) Explanation of this tag,
ID = new generated content type ID [0x010100<NEW GUID without hyphen>]
FeatureId = feature id used in feature.xml
Group = your group name if group exist then it will create a new group in content type.
DocumentTemplate = name of your document/excel template

4) Module will relate your template to content type.
Name = name of your content type. Same as content type name.
SetupPath = relative path for physical template as we are putting our template in feature folder.
Path= no need to give as we are using SetupPath.
Url = all the content type template wil be saved in _cts folder. You can see this folder in sharepoint designer only. After “_cts/<Name of content type>” shold be same as Module name and ContentType name.
File Url = this will be name of document.

All done.
Only need to install the feature and activate the feature.

You can refer How to add document library with folders and content types through feature/site definition.

AutoCleanupDays in Workflow

Hi All,

the problem with the workflow history is that you will lost your histor details after 60 days. 60 days is the period when you will lose your workflow history. its a built in mechanism of 60 days.

There can be multiple way of getting rid of this problem.

I would like to share two ways of doing it.

First is through code, Here is a way:

Assuming that objWorkflowAssociation is an object of type SPWorkflowAssociation, then

SPWorkflowAssociation objWorkflowAssociation;
objWorkflowAssociation.AutoCleanupDays = 9999;

Will set the cleanupdays to 9999 days. so you are now in relief to have your history till 9999 days instead of 60 days.

Second way :

Note the addition of an node in the following sample Element Manifest Xml:

<Elements ...>
<Workflow ...>
<metaData ...>

but Make sure that this might now work with built in workflows, but sure for your own created workflows.

That's it. That's two way we can accomplish this task.

Monday, May 19, 2008

Missing Completed Workflows History

Hi All,

Many times we require to have the history for the workflows which are completed.
The problem is once workflow is completed you don't find any way to check the history for it.

Actually when you are working with workflow, there is LogHistoryActivity which we can use to keep track of all actions that are performed through code.

But the problem is there's no way to find out the previous workflow history.

All you can do it make one more list which is having same number of fields and same type of fields in it just like workflowHistory list.

Fetch all data in eventhandler ItemAdded event of workflowHistory list and there in the code you add all datas that you want to enter into your own list. this way you can have these data of your change always in your list.

Hiding webpart and its properties through programming

Hi All,

There is a way how we can manage webparts placed at different page levels like "AllItems.aspx" , "default.aspx" etc.

To manipulate these webparts placed on pages you first need to make SPLimitedWebPartManager object and initialize it with calling GetLimitedWebPartManager of current site.

Once you have object of webpartmanager then you can use foreach loop to navigate to each webparts on that page and set several properties of it and finally call savechanges method of webpartmanager class and update the web.

Here is the way we can accomplish this task.

Microsoft.SharePoint.WebPartPages.SPLimitedWebPartManager mgr = null;

spWeb1.AllowUnsafeUpdates = true;


foreach (System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts.WebPart myWebPart in mgr.WebParts)
if (myWebPart.Title == "MyWebPart")
myWebPart.AllowEdit = false; //don't allow edit
myWebPart.AllowClose = false; // don't allow close


if (myWebPart.Title == "MySecondWebPart")
myWebPart.Hidden = true; //don't show webpart





spWeb1.AllowUnsafeUpdates = false;

That's it. your job is done.

Checking User rights at web and list level

Hi All,

There is a way how we can check if user is having specific rights on web as well as on list or not.

Here is a way how we can accomplish this task.

if (objWeb.DoesUserHavePermissions(SPBasePermissions.ViewFormPages) ||
//Code implementation

Here, for example we check on web level, assuming objWeb is your web object. Rest permissions can also be checked by checking different SPBasePermissions base.

Same way we can also check for SPList object.

Here is the sample for it.

//Code implementation

we are checking permissions on Tasks List, that can be replaced by any list name that you want to check.

Activating an installed feature through programming

Hi All,

Assuming that we have installed a feature but based on our requirement, we require to activate the feature, then we can accomplish this dynamically by code.

Here is the way we can accomplish this task.

Lets assume that spCurrentWeb is a web on which you want to activate the feature. you must be knowing features GUID.

spCurrentWeb.Features will return you all features installed at that site level and the you just add it to the feature collection to activate it.

spCurrentWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = true;
SPFeatureCollection featureCollect = spCurrentWeb.Features;
featureCollect.Add({"feature GUID"}, true);

spCurrentWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = false;

That's it. you job is done. As soon as this feature is added to feature collection it will automatically activate if user has sufficient rights for it.

How to work with extended properties in Tasks List

Hi All,

workflow tasks lists is built in list which works tightly with Create Task, update Task and complete Task activity of workflow foundation. Setting several properties to these activites assignes task to user, update tasks of user and also removes tasks from user task list.

These all actions are taken care automatically.

Several times you still require that columns are not enough for your information in tasks list, you may require to store some additional data in that list. you can ofcourse create column through front end or from code, but assigning values to that columns (fields) is not stright forward process.

When you are adding your own fields in pre-defined list then these fields are actually called "Extended Properties", so you need to take care while assigning the values to these fields.

Here is the way you can accomplish this task.

private void createTask(object sender, EventArgs e)
taskID = Guid.NewGuid();
taskProps.Title = "Demo Task";
taskProps.AssignedTo = assignee;
taskProps.Description = instructions;
taskProps.ExtendedProperties["comments"] = comments;
taskProps.ExtendedProperties["instructions"] = instructions;

Here is a create task bolck, But Comments and instructions are two more columns added. Values for these columns can be inserted as shown above.

For more information : Click Here

Adding Fields to List dynamically

Many times we requires to add a field in List. there are many alternative ways to add fields into a list. One of them is to add field dynamically through coding.

Here is a way how you can add field in list.

Assuming that tasks is a list object (SPlist) of your web and you want to add a field called "ApprovalStauts", then following line will add the field in list.

tasks.Fields.Add("ApprovalStauts", SPFieldType.Text, false);

Second parameter determines what type of field it is, i have supplied it ias simple text only that is equals to single line textbox,

Last parameter determines if the field that you are adding is required field or not. Here i supplied false, meaning its not required field.

and then just call tasks.Update() method to take effect. Just make sure that user has enough rights to add fields and also allowunsafeupdate is true on web level of that list.

Friday, May 16, 2008

Adding predefined list to site dynamically using SPListTemplateType

Many times we need to add predefined lists like Tasks List, WorkflowHistory List to our site using Code.

So here is the way we can accomplish this.

objClientsWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = true;

objClientsWeb.Lists.Add ( "{ListName}", "{Listdiscription}" ,SPListTemplateType.Tasks);

objClientsWeb.Lists.Add ( "{ListName}", "{Listdiscription}" ,SPListTemplateType.WorkflowHistory);

objClientsWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = false;

That's it your job is done.

Just Check user is having sufficient rights to add list to site.

Attaching event handlers to List and document library dynamically

Many times in code we requires to attach event handlers to list or to document library.

Here is the way we can accomplish this.

Method is same for both Document Library as well as List, just for safety point of view, i have caste List into Document Library to indicate that its a document library which is in tern actually a list.

Assuming i have SummaryReport as Document Lib and objClientsWeb is Web in which i have this Document Lib.

SPDocumentLibrary lstDataSummaryReport =

Check if same event handler is attached to it, just for precausion we check if there is no event handler is attached to it or not.

if (lstDataSummaryReport.EventReceivers.Count == 0)

objClientsWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = true;

string strAssembly = "{Project Assembly Name}, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken={public key token of that project}";;

lstDataSummaryReport.EventReceivers.Add(SPEventReceiverType.ItemAdded, strAssembly,


objClientsWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = false;

Make sure of allowunsafeupdate on web is properly managed. Also make sure that User under which code is running must have rights to update this list. otherwise run the code in


Which will run under System Account which is having all rights on web

Understanding What STSADM Does

Sure, STSADM extracts the CAB file and installs the Web part—but how precisely does it do that? The answer is that it depends. It depends on whether you use the global install or not.

Basically, STSADM does three things:

Copies the DLL files—If you're doing a non-global install the Assemblies are copied to the /bin directory of the IIS virtual server (Web site).If there's an associated PDB file it is copied to the /bin directory too. If you're installing globally then the DLL files are registered in the GAC rather than copied to the /bin directory. This, by the way, means that you won't be able to debug your application. You'll have to manually copy the PDB file into the GAC to make debugging work.
Safe Controls—If there are safe control entries in the assembly tags of the manifest.xml file they are added to the web.config. These will contain the assembly's strong name, if there is one.
The DWP files are copied to the /wpcatalog directory. If the DWP references an assembly with a strong name the DWP file will be renamed to the name of the assembly with an underscore followed by the version number, followed by another underscore, followed by the public key token, followed by yet another underscore, and finally the original DWP name.

For more information: Click Here

Why Deploy with STSADM?

Why Deploy with STSADM?

Before getting too deeply involved in fixing STSADM Web part deployments, it's important to understand what STSADM is and why it's a good platform for troubleshooting Web part deployment.

STSADM is a 'utility knife' type of tool that ships as a part of Windows SharePoint Services. It does a wide range of things from site creation to Web part pack installation. If you have SharePoint Services, you already have this utility; it is typically found in C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\60\Bin.

Alternative tools such as WPPackager just add additional complexity to the process by wrapping the installation in a Windows Installer file. Worse, these tools don't really gain you anything. At their core they're still using the same installation process by running STSADM or calling the Windows SharePoint Services object model calls that roughly equate to the STSADM options.

But whether you choose to download one of these tools or stick with the somewhat plain but very functional STSADM, learning how STSADM deploys Web parts is very valuable.

For more information : Click Here

BreakRoleInheritance throws Exception

Calling BreakRoleInheritance on a list throws exception if the method's CopyRoleAssignments parameter is set to false. Exception thrown is "The security validation for this page is invalid."

you can try folowwing option:

User true as the parameter and remove all permissions later in code.

Play Video into a SharePoint Page

Hi All,

There is one more way to accomplish the same functionality.

Here is the way.

(1) Add content editor webpart.

(2) Click on modify shaerd webpart.

(3) Copy and paste the following content

(4)<div id="Player"> </div>
<script type="text/javascript">
function getParameter(szName)
// Get value out of supplied parameter
var szUrl =;
szUrl = szUrl.toLowerCase();
szName = szName.toLowerCase();
var szValue = "";
var nBegin = szUrl.indexOf(szName);
if (nBegin != -1)
szValue = szUrl.substring(nBegin + (szName.length + 1));
var nEnd = szValue.indexOf("&");
if (szValue != "" && nEnd != -1)
szValue = szValue.substring(0, nEnd);
return szValue;

function wmpCreate(url) {
var str = "";
var agt = navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase();
var is_ie = (agt.indexOf("msie") != -1);
if (is_ie) {
// create the WMP for IE
str = '<object id="contentPlayer" classid="CLSID:6BF52A52-394A-11d3-B153-00C04F79FAA6" width="800" height="640">';
} else {
// create it for FF.
str = '<object id="contentPlayer" type="application/x-ms-wmp" data="'+url+'" width="800" height="640">';
str += '<param name="url" value=""/>';
str += '<param name="uiMode" value="full">';
str += '<param name="autoStart" value="-1" />';
str += '<param name="stretchToFit" value="-1" />';
str += '<param name="windowlessVideo" value="0" />';
str += '<param name="enabled" value="-1" />';
str += '<param name="enableContextMenu" value="-1" />';
str += '<param name="fullScreen" value="0" />';
str += '</object>';
return str;
function videoCreate() {
document.getElementById('Player').innerHTML = wmpCreate();
var wmp = document.getElementById('contentPlayer');
wmp.URL = getParameter("url");;

(5)If you feel its too big for page to fit in, then modify Width and Height in this line :

str = '<object id="contentPlayer" type="application/x-ms-wmp" data="'+url+'" width="800" height="640">';

(6)Save your media files in some document library and use its url as parameter on page where you have placed this webpart. This webpart will fetch the parameter as "url" and its value and play in media player.

Enjoy watching movie and songs on your sharepoint site!!!!

Above Code - Updated on 26-Jun-09

Requirment: To Display a Video stored in a Document Library.
Solution: Create a Document Library Eg. Sample001
Upload a video file
Eg: “MediaPlayerSample.avi”
Just add a content editor web part
Edit the webpart, use the below HTML in the “Source Editor…”

Note: in the above HTML code, the only parameter to set is the "animationatStart".
Click on the Below image, and see the parameter VALUE.

How to add document library with folders and content types through feature/site definition.

When creating custom features, definitions one of the things most clients
want is a document library included in the Site Template with a
pre-defined folder structure.

In this post I’m going to narrate how to provision document library with folders form a custom feature.

So here we go.

Open element.xml of your feature it should be something like this.

<Elements xmlns="">
Title="My Docs"
Url="My Docs"
QuickLaunchUrl="My Docs/Forms/AllItems.aspx" />

Over here we are just creating an instance of a document library.
In SharePoint by default you will find a feature with forlder name “DocumentLibrary” in your 12/template/feature. So we do not need to create whole schema file just like custom list.

Creating a list instance with this
GUID is same as creating a document library from

Site Settings > Create > Document Library.

Description of each property

FeatureId --> Hardcode guid which refers SharePoint Document Library.
TemplateType --> 101 denotes that we want to create Document library. 100 for list and 115
for content type etc...
Title --> My Docs simple title of newly created List.
Url --> My Docs same as Title. You can use different if you want but same will be better to maintain and understand.
Description --> just description non mandatory.
QuickLaunchUrl --> My Docs/Forms/AllItems.aspx Just like /Forms/AllItems.aspx, use you used in url tab.

If you installed feature with this element TAG you will get Document library.

Now here we go for folder.
Add the following code just before the </Elements> tag:

<Module Path="First Folder" Url="My Docs \First Folder” />

Note : The Url in the above tag begins with the url of the list instance.

If you want to add sub folders to the above folder

<Module Path="First Folder" Url="My Docs \First Folder\sub folder of first folder” />

Note : The ListUrl in the above tag begins with the url of the list instance.

If you want to add content type to the folder then you need to add one more tag

<ContentTypeBinding ListUrl="My Docs" ContentTypeId="0x010110" />

Note : you already have a contentype installed with specific ContentTypeId.

My next Post will be: How to create/install Contentype from feature. Comming Soon.

You can create multiple document libraries from one feature.
Just add more than one List instance.
Here is one sample of my element.xml

<Elements xmlns="">
<!-- Doc lib 1-->
Title="My Docs"
Url="My Docs"
Docs/Forms/AllItems.aspx" />

<!-- required custom content type for this document library instance -->

<ContentTypeBinding ListUrl="My Docs"
ContentTypeId="0x010100A107D9F002764eea923263A0B3587210" />
<!-- Single folder no sub-folders -->

<Module Path="Administration" Url="My Docs/Administration" />

<!-- A Folder and associated sub-folders -->
<Module Path="Development" Url="My Docs/Development" />
<Module Path="Development" Url="My Docs/Development/Code Review" />
<Module Path="Development" Url="My Docs/Development/PreRequisite" />
<!-- Doc lib 2-->
Title="Your Docs"
Url="Your Docs"
QuickLaunchUrl="Your Docs/Forms/AllItems.aspx" />

<ContentTypeBinding ListUrl="Your Docs" ContentTypeId="0x010100D8B76062F25E42efB17D4CBF9747FB57" />
<Module Path="Business Analyst" Url="Your Docs/Business Analyst" />
<Module Path="Functional Analyst" Url="Your Docs/Functional Analyst" />
<Module Path="Functional Analyst" Url="Your Docs/Functional Analyst/Requirment" />
<Module Path="Functional Analyst" Url="Your Docs/Functional Analyst/change Request" />

and speacial thanks to "bobthebuilder" for make me under
stand all this functionality from his wonderful post @ SHAREPOINT.H@CK.

What is Windows Workflow foundation?

Windows Workflow Foundation (WF) is a Microsoft technology for defining, executing, and managing workflows. This technology is part of .NET Framework 3.0 which is available natively in the Windows Vista operating system, and can be installed on the Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 operating systems. A new XML-based language XAML is commonly used for declaring the structure of a workflow. However, the workflow may also be expressed in code using any .NET-targeted language (VB.NET, C#, C++/CLI, etc.). WF provides .NET developers with the ability to separate the logic of their application from the underlying execution components thus providing a clearer, more manageable representation of the application. This approach lends credence to the growing process-driven application methodology which aims to separate an applications logical flow from it's executable components at an enterprise level. Workflows comprise 'activities'. Developers can write their own domain-specific activities and then use them in workflows. WF also provides a set of general-purpose 'activities' that cover several control flow constructs.

Windows Workflow Foundation is supported by a companion set of extensions to Visual Studio 2005. These extensions contain a visual workflow designer which allows users to design workflows, a visual debugger which enables the users to debug the workflow designed, and a project system which enables the user to compile their workflows inside Visual Studio 2005. In Visual Studio 2008 WWF functionality is included. The .NET Framework 3.0 "workflow runtime" provides common facilities for running and managing the workflows and can be hosted in any CLR application domain, be it a Windows Service, a Console, GUI or Web Application. The host can provide services like serialization for the runtime to use when needed. It can also hook up to workflow instance's events such as their becoming idle or stopping. WF workflows define interfaces with methods and events to communicate with the outside world. A host application typically sets up an environment before running a workflow, providing objects that implement those interfaces. When an object implementing such interfaces raises an event, the corresponding workflow is retrieved and the data passed on to it.

Methods on the interface may be used by the workflow to communicate with its host. Data can also be transferred from the host to the Workflow through dictionary objects that are passed to the Workflow when the Workflow is created.Similarly the Workflow can pass the results of the workflow to the Host application through a Dictionary Object. The WorkFlow foundation also allows the Workflow to update the Host application of the progress of the workflow. this is done by raising events in the Workflow to which the host application will subscribe. Using the WF foundation, two different types of Workflow can be created: Sequential Workflow (Typically Flow Chart based, progresses from one stage to next and does not step back) State-Machine Workflow (Progress from 'State' to 'State', these workflows are more complex and return to a previous point if required)

For more information : click here

Tuesday, May 13, 2008

Recycle Application Pools, not IIS

Recycle Application Pools, not IIS.

So many things in SharePoint require you to recycle the the W3WP.EXE process running SharePoint in order for certain changes to be picked up. So many people think this means recycling IIS by typing IISRESET. But it takes so long for IIS to recycle!

Did you know you don't have to recycle IIS most of the time, just the application pool your site is running within? Yup! For development purposes, I run all my SharePoint sites off the same app pool. I know, not the most secure, but each app pool consumes roughly 100MB of memory so why have a ton of them floating around in a virtual machine when memory is precious!

Instead of recycling IIS, I create a shortcut that I add to my Quick Launch that recycles the app pool all my sites run under. To do this, create a new shortcut on your desktop and enter the following target:
%windir%\system32\cscript.exe c:\windows\system32\iisapp.vbs /a "[Name of your App Pool]" /r

Then drag the shortcut onto your Quick Launch toolbar. Click it and watch how fast an app pool is recycled compared to IIS!

Example: The appication pool that I target is "BMWApp" (Without the quotes) then the above command will be:
%windir%\system32\cscript.exe c:\windows\system32\iisapp.vbs /a "BMWApp" /r

Monday, May 12, 2008

Moss 2007 "File not found" - error

When I hit any page under _layouts, I get a page which reads "File Not Found".

File Not Found. at System.Reflection.Assembly.nLoad(AssemblyName fileName, String codeBase, Boolean isStringized, Evidence assemblySecurity, Boolean throwOnFileNotFound, Assembly locationHint, StackCrawlMark& stackMark) # at System.Reflection.Assembly.InternalLoad(AssemblyName assemblyRef, Boolean stringized, Evidence assemblySecurity, StackCrawlMark& stackMark) # at System.Reflection.Assembly.Load .........

with this error everything is working fine in my moss. but all popup stops. llike date control popup,people picker popup and even site setting page "/_layouts/settings.aspx" is also gives this error.

I remember this error occur after web.config is being changed by IIS tool and it adds an attribute (xmlns) to the tag (because I have and requirement to increase request time out)
like :

The only thing solves this problem is by removing that extra attribute.

Access denied when trying to get to shared services

Access denied when trying to get to shared services

"DO NOT call you SSP the same name as the AppPool you use for the SSP Admin Site.
The SSP actually uses its name to create an AppPool for use under the Office Search site.

If your SSP Admin AppPool is the same name then MOSS sets it to use the timer svc account.

If your hosting then call the SSP Admin AppPool 'Company - SSPAdmin' and the actual SSP 'Company - SSP'. This will stop MOSS clobbering the accounts."

Thursday, May 8, 2008

HttpContext in eventhandler

First off all, i would like to thank Adil Baig to show Developers (specifically in MOSS) like us that thing like this can be done in first place.

I often heard that HttpContext is null in event handler and we cannot use session and Request.QueryString.
Here is the solution.
public class MyEventHandler: SPItemEventReceiver
HttpContext current;
public MyEventHandler()
current = HttpContext.Current;

public override void ItemAdding(SPItemEventProperties properties)
/// some thing went wrong so you need to cancel the event and redirect

With this Context you can find all the properties you want.
In SharePoint there is not any functionality for displaying our customized error page.
Like if for data validation in event/item handler we use
properties.ErrorMessage = “Opps... Not allowed”;
properties.Cancel = true;

And validation message displayed in SharePoint error Page which looks error in application.
But with this Context you can use to redirect to any of your custom or any out of the box Page.
SPUtility.Redirect(Url, SPRedirectFlags.Default, current);

HttpContext is available only in synchronous event like ItemAdding and ItemUpdating.

More Info Click Here

Removing MySite and MyLinks in Sharepoint (MOSS) 2007

Okay, this one took me a while to figure out, but nonetheless I found it and will share it.

In order to turn off or disable the MySite or MyLinks functionality you need to be an Sharepoint administrator.

Go to the Central Administration Web Page

Click on the link for Shared Services Administration
--If you have more than one SSP, select the one that is running the MySites functionality

Under "User Profiles and My Sites" click Personalization Services Permissions

Select the group you want to limit the functionality for. More than likely you will just have NTAuthority\Authenticated Users.

In the next screen you will see a list of checkboxes,
--To disable MySites uncheck "Create Personal Site"
--To disable MyLinks uncheck "Use Personal Features"

Hopefully this will save you a few cycles.

A Lookup to the sub sites

A question:
"I'm creating a WSS 3 site which will have a new subsite each time there is a planning application.
From the parent site I want to be able to enter documents and say which application it belongs to but I don't want the user to have to maintain a list of application names when they could just lookup to a list of all the Application subsites that have been created.
Does anyone know if that's possible?"

My Answer:
This is not possible out of the box (unless you use the SiteDirectory template, and create the application sites' there).

To code it, here are several options:

Either connect a workflow or an event handler to a list of applications, and the workflow\event handler can create the site for you.

Develop a custom field control that will load the list of sub sites for the user.
This should be more robust than option 1, since a workflow\event handler may fail to create the site and you will end up with a mess. however, custom field controls are not supported by office - so you will not be able to set the metadata on documents from within the office applications.

Develop a timer job that synchronizes the list of sites into a choice field as choices.

This will be robust, and will work in office - but will put a load on the server
RECOMMENDED: develop a feature for the application sites that will add the name of the site to a list when the feature is activated.

This will be better than option 1 because you can trigger it again if it fails, without re-creating the site. Also it will have much less load on the server than option 3, and better performance than option 2 since it will not have to check the sites every time someone wants to upload a document. Also - easy development.

Develop a BDC application (using a custom web service) to show the list of applications based on the existing sites.

This may be the second easiest option (after #4) - such a web service is easy to develop. But this will only work if you have MOSS license, as the BDC is not part of WSS.

Showing Administrator name instead of System Account

Many times we came across situation when instead of showing your name the site shows Welcome System Account or instead of your name in Modified by column it shows System Account. There is a way to change it. On the top of the page where you see Welcome System Account, click the drop down and click My Settings. There you will find an option to edit the item. Try to change the name from there.

Wednesday, May 7, 2008

Save Conflict / Recursive call of event handler / Update item in item updating and adding

Microsoft.SharePoint.SPException: Save Conflict
Your changes conflict with those made concurrently by another user.
If you want your changes to be applied, click back in your Web browser, refresh the page, and resubmit your changes.

This post is also solution of
Recursive call of event handler and update item in item updating and adding

Once I was suffering from “Save Conflict” error while updating a List item.
This thing happens when to achieve two of my business requirements.

Scenario 1:
In my scenario I have a workflow attached with the list. While adding or updating item from this list, by default workflow is attached to the list. Now as per my requirement. On workflow activated and on task generated again I want to fill one field in the same list. I got “Save conflict” error while updating that list item from workflow.

Scenario 2:
In one of my list in item handler I’m creating a sub site with the Title of the item. What I want to do is that in item added I want to update the list field. But while updating I’m having this “save conflict” error.

So in both the case what I found was that when we are calling
method, list’s ItemUpdating event fires and again all the procedure go in to the recursive loop.
To solve this problem try one of these code snippets.

1) (useful while updating List/web from outer side of the scoop of that web or site)
web.AllowUnsafeUpdates = true;
web.AllowUnsafeUpdates = false;
//must set AllowUnsafeUpdates to false if we are set it to true.

2) (Usefull in from updating Item from event handler)
Item[FieldName] = FieldValue;
//must enable event firing if we are disable it

hopefully this post will help you guys for solving your problem.


Tuesday, May 6, 2008

What is SharePoint?

What Is SharePoint?
SharePoint Facts

What is SharePoint?

SharePoint is an enterprise information portal, from Microsoft, that can be configured to run Intranet, Extranet and Internet sites. Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 allows people, teams and expertise to connect and collaborate. A SharePoint enterprise portal is composed of both SharePoint Portal and Windows SharePoint Services, with SharePoint being built upon WSS. WSS is typically used by small teams, projects and companies. SharePoint Server is designed for individuals, teams and projects within a medium to large company wide enterprise portal.

Some SharePoint facts

• SharePoint is the fastest-growing product in the history of Microsoft
• Over 75 million licenses of SharePoint have been sold worldwide
• SharePoint is listed, by Forrester, as the number 1 portal product
• SharePoint is positioned as a leader within the Gartner Magic Quadrant for Horizontal Portals products
• Over 400 case studies have been published on SharePoint

Why should you use SharePoint?

SharePoint solves four main problems:

• As companies grow so does the amount of their files. It soon becomes difficult to keep track of the multiplying documents and their locations. SharePoint overcomes this by allowing you to store and locate your files in a central site. Files can also be located through company wide searches of your SharePoint enterprise portal.

• Sharing work files through email is a cumbersome process. SharePoint eliminates this by allowing files to be stored in one location, allowing easy access to all team members.

• Today’s work occurs over multiple locations, whether it is in different countries, office locations, separate departments or at your home office. SharePoint enables teams and individuals to connect and collaborate together regardless of where they are located.

• It’s difficult and time consuming to create and maintain sites. SharePoint allows anyone to create sites for use within their company’s Intranet, as they are needed, whether they are departmental sites, document libraries, meetings sites, survey sites, or discussion boards.

Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007

Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 is a collaborative enterprise portal that is built upon WSS 3.0. MOSS 2007 allows people, teams and expertise to connect and collaborate. Unlike WSS, SharePoint Server is not free and requires an additional license. MOSS 2007 comes in two versions – Standard and Enterprise.

The main components of SharePoint 2007 are collaboration, portals, enterprise search, enterprise content management, business process and forms, and business intelligence. Previous versions of SharePoint Server included SharePoint Portal Server 2003 and before that SharePoint Portal Server 2001. To preview SharePoint’s new features visit the Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 demo.

Windows SharePoint Services 3.0

Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 is the platform on which all SharePoint Products and Technologies are built. WSS 3.0 is for is suitable for small teams, projects and organizations.

WSS’s project collaboration, document workspace, meeting sub-site, and discussion board features allow individuals and small teams to collaborate and share information online. Past versions of Windows SharePoint Services included Windows SharePoint Services 2.0 and SharePoint Team Services. New features in WSS 3.0 include integrated workflows, RSS feeds, blogs, wikis and ASP-style Web parts. To preview more of WSS 3.0’s new features visit the Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 demo.

Not sure which SharePoint technology is right for you?

Visit Microsoft online to find out which SharePoint technology meets your company’s requirements.

Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 Top 10 Benefits

Provide a simple, familiar, and consistent user experience.

Office SharePoint Server 2007 is tightly integrated with familiar client desktop applications, e-mail, and Web browsers to provide a consistent user experience that simplifies how people interact with content, processes, and business data. This tight integration, coupled with robust out-of-the-box functionality, helps you employ services themselves and facilitates product adoption.

Boost employee productivity by simplifying everyday business activities.

Take advantage of out-of-the-box workflows for initiating, tracking, and reporting common business activities such as document review and approval, issue tracking, and signature collection. You can complete these activities without any coding. Tight integration with familiar client applications, e-mail, and Web browsers provide you with a simple, consistent experience. Modifying and extending these out-of-the-box workflow processes is made easy through tools like Microsoft Office SharePoint Designer 2007 (the next release of Microsoft Office FrontPage).

Help meet regulatory requirements through comprehensive control over content.

By specifying security settings, storage policies, auditing policies, and expiration actions for business records in accordance with compliance regulations, you can help ensure your sensitive business information can be controlled and managed effectively. And you can reduce litigation risk for your organization. Tight integration of Office SharePoint Server 2007 with familiar desktop applications means that policy settings are rendered onto client applications in the Microsoft Office system, making it simpler for employees to be aware of and comply with regulatory requirements.

Effectively manage and repurpose content to gain increased business value.

Business users and content authors can create and submit content for approval and scheduled deployment to intranet or Internet sites. Managing multilingual content is simplified through new document library templates that are specifically designed to maintain a relationship between the original version and different translations of a document.

Simplify organization-wide access to both structured and unstructured information across disparate systems.

Give your users access to business data found in common line-of-business systems like SAP and Siebel through Office SharePoint Server 2007. Users can also create personalized views and interactions with business systems through a browser by dragging configurable back-end connections. Enterprise-wide Managed Document Repositories help your organizations store and organize business documents in one central location.

Connect people with information and expertise.

Enterprise Search in Office SharePoint Server 2007 incorporates business data along with information about documents, people, and Web pages to produce comprehensive, relevant results. Features like duplicate collapsing, spelling correction, and alerts improve the relevance of the results, so you can easily find what you need.

Accelerate shared business processes across organizational boundaries.

Without coding any custom applications, you can use smart, electronic forms–driven solutions to collect critical business information from customers, partners, and suppliers through a Web browser. Built-in data validation rules help you gather accurate and consistent data that can be directly integrated into back-end systems to avoid redundancy and errors that result from manual data re-entry.

Share business data without divulging sensitive information.

Give your employees access to real-time, interactive Microsoft Office Excel spreadsheets from a Web browser through Excel Services running on Office SharePoint Server 2007. Use these spreadsheets to maintain and efficiently share one central and up-to-date version while helping to protect any proprietary information embedded in the documents (such as financial models).

Enable people to make better-informed decisions by presenting business-critical information in one central location.

Office SharePoint Server 2007 makes it easy to create live, interactive business intelligence (BI) portals that assemble and display business-critical information from disparate sources, using integrated BI capabilities such as dashboards, Web Parts, scorecards, key performance indicators (KPIs), and business data connectivity technologies. Centralized Report Center sites give users a single place for locating the latest reports, spreadsheets, or KPIs.

Provide a single, integrated platform to manage intranet, extranet, and Internet applications across the enterprise.

Office SharePoint Server 2007 is built on an open, scalable architecture, with support for Web services and interoperability standards including XML and Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). The server has rich, open application programming interfaces (APIs) and event handlers for lists and documents. These features provide integration with existing systems and the flexibility to incorporate new non-Microsoft IT investments.

Top 10 Benefits of Windows SharePoint Services

Improve team productivity with easy-to-use collaborative tools

Connect people with the information and resources they need. Users can create team workspaces, coordinate calendars, organize documents, and receive important notifications and updates through communication features including announcements and alerts, as well as the new templates for creating blogs and wikis. While mobile, users can take advantage of convenient offline synchronization capabilities.

Easily manage documents and help ensure integrity of content

With enhanced document management capabilities including the option to activate required document checkout before editing, the ability to view revisions to documents and restore to previous versions, and the control to set document- and item-level security, Windows SharePoint Services can help ensure the integrity of documents stored on team sites.

Get users up to speed quickly

User interface improvements in Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 include enhanced views and menus that simplify navigation within and among SharePoint sites. Integration with familiar productivity tools, including programs in the Microsoft Office system, makes it easy for users to get up to speed quickly. For example, users can create workspaces, post and edit documents, and view and update calendars on SharePoint sites, all while working within Microsoft Office system files and programs.

Deploy solutions tailored to your business processes

While standard workspaces in Windows SharePoint Services are easy to implement, organizations seeking a more customized deployment can get started quickly with application templates for addressing specific business processes or sets of tasks.

Build a collaboration environment quickly and easily

Easy to manage and easy to scale, Windows SharePoint Services enables IT departments to deploy a collaborative environment with minimal administrative time and effort, from simple, single-server configurations to more robust enterprise configurations. Because deployment settings can be flexibly changed, less pre-planning time is required and companies can get started even faster.

Reduce the complexity of securing business information

Windows SharePoint Services provides IT with advanced administrative controls for increasing the security of information resources, while decreasing cost and complexity associated with site provisioning, site management, and support. Take advantage of better controls for site life-cycle management, site memberships and permissions, and storage limits.

Provide sophisticated controls for securing company resources

IT departments can now set permissions as deep down as the document or item level, and site managers, teams, and other work groups can initiate self-service collaborative workspaces and tasks within these preset parameters. New features enable IT to set top-down policies for better content recovery and users, groups, and team workspace site administration.

Take file sharing to a new level with robust storage capabilities

Windows SharePoint Services supplies workspaces with document storage and retrieval features, including check-in/check-out functionality, version history, custom metadata, and customizable views. New features in Windows SharePoint Services include enhanced recycle bin functionality for easier recovery of content and improved backup and restoration.

Easily scale your collaboration solution to meet business needs

Quickly and easily manage and configure Windows SharePoint Services using a Web browser or command-line utilities. Manage server farms, servers, and sites using the Microsoft .NET Framework, which enables a variety of custom and third-party administration solution offerings.

Provide a cost-effective foundation for building Web-based applications

Windows SharePoint Services exposes a common framework for document management and collaboration from which flexible and scalable Web applications and Internet sites, specific to the needs of the organization, can be built. Integration with Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 expands these capabilities further to offer enterprise-wide functionality for records management, search, workflows, portals, personalized sites, and more.

Source: Click Here

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